The Benz Patent-Motorwagen Nummer 3 — the three-wheeled automobile that Bertha Benz drove 106 kilometers from Mannheim to Pforzheim in 1888 — was mostly made of wood.
Throughout the 130 years since that historic trip, automakers have used many different types of material in an effort to optimize their vehicles — for example, steel, aluminum, plastics, and even textiles. A modern automobile consists of thousands of parts made of very diverse materials. However, one thing hasn’t changed: A vehicle is only as good as the materials it’s made of.
When an industry develops at an extremely fast pace, it becomes difficult to distinguish between yesterday and the Stone Age
”Licht aus/Lights off” is written on a small white sign that somebody has stuck to the door leading to the realm of Joachim Kaiser. After all, just because you’re working on the lights of the future doesn’t mean you should waste energy and lighting materials today.
Carsten Fritzsch, 33, works in a two-story flat-roofed building on the Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany, campus in Darmstadt — and, in effect, in the space industry.
Fritzsch, an electrical engineer, is part of a team that develops materials for an innovative satellite antenna (smart antenna) that uses liquid crystals.
Lutz Fügener, Professor of Transportation Design at Pforzheim University of Applied Sciences, explains why there has never been a better time to design cars than the 21st century.
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